Factors associated with behavioral intention of free and self-paid COVID-19 vaccination based on the social cognitive theory among nurses and doctors in China
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摘要Objective: To examine the associations between factors based on the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) and behavioral intention of free and self-paid (600 RMB or 91 USD) COVID-19 vaccination of 80% effectiveness and rare mild side effects among doctors and nurses in China.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Public hospitals.

Participants: 362 doctors and 1702 nurses in major departments of five hospitals of three Chinese provinces.

Methods: An anonymous online survey was conducted from October to November 2020, facilitated by hospital administrators through online WeChat/QQ working groups. Data on outcome expectations, self-efficacy, norms, and COVID-19-related work experiences were collected. Multivariate logistic regression models were used for data analysis.

Results: The logistic regression analysis showed that physical (e.g., protective effect of vaccination) and self-evaluative outcome expectations (e.g., anticipated regret), self-efficacy, norms (e.g., descriptive norm, subjective norm, professional norm, and moral norm), and job satisfaction were significantly and positively associated with the free and self-paid COVID-19 vaccination intention outcomes among doctors and nurses, adjusted for background variables. Doctors who had engaged in COVID-19-related work reported higher self-paid vaccination intention.

Conclusions: Health promotion is needed to improve the uptake of COVID-19 vaccination among healthcare workers. Such interventions may consider modifying the identified factors of vaccination intention, including strengthening perceived efficacy, positive feelings about vaccination, the need to avoid future regret, self-efficacy, and social norms. Future studies should examine the actual behavior patterns of COVID-19 vaccination and testing the efficacy of promotion intervention through randomized controlled studies.
出版社接受日期03.05.2021
著者Rui She, Xi Chen, Liping Li, Lijuan Li, Zepeng Huang, Joseph T.F. Lau
期刊名稱Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
出版年份2021
出版社Cambridge University Press
國際標準期刊號0899-823X
電子國際標準期刊號1559-6834
語言英式英語
關鍵詞COVID-19, China, Healthcare Workers, Social Cognitive Theory, Vaccination

上次更新時間 2021-01-12 於 23:48