Analysis of a Two-Level Structural Equation Model With Missing Data
Publication in refereed journal

Times Cited
Web of Science0WOS source URL (as at 12/01/2021) Click here for the latest count
Altmetrics Information

Other information
AbstractStructural equation models are widely used to model relationships among latent unobservable constructs and observable variables. In some studies, the data set used for analysis is comprised of observations that are drawn from a known hierarchical structure and involves missing entries. A two-level structural equation model can be used to analyze such data sets. Direct maximum likelihood methods for analyzing two-level structural equation models are available in software, such as LISREL and Mplus. These software programs also have options to handle missing observations. The authors develop an alternative procedure that uses an expectation maximization (EM) type algorithm. Using appropriate approximations, the procedure can be implemented using simple statistical software in combination with a basic structural equation modeling program. The authors address the implementation of the procedure in detail and provide syntax codes in R, which is available in the public domain, to implement the proposed procedure. The discussion of the procedure is made with reference to the analysis of a data set that studies job characteristic variables. The authors also use simulation studies to examine the performance of the proposed procedure. The results indicate that the proposed method, which is easily accessible to users, represents a reliable alternative for analyzing two-level structural equation models with missing data.
All Author(s) ListPoon WY, Wang HB
Journal nameSociological Methods and Research
Volume Number39
Issue Number1
PublisherSAGE Publications (UK and US)
Pages25 - 55
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsmissing data; multilevel research; structural equation model
Web of Science Subject CategoriesMathematical Methods In Social Sciences; Social Sciences, Mathematical Methods; SOCIAL SCIENCES, MATHEMATICAL METHODS; Sociology; SOCIOLOGY

Last updated on 2021-12-01 at 23:23