Density Gradient Ultracentrifugation for Investigating Endocytic Recycling in Mammalian Cells
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AbstractEndosomal trafficking is an essential cellular process that regulates a broad range of biological events. Proteins are internalized from the plasma membrane and then transported to the early endosomes. The internalized proteins could be transited to the lysosome for degradation or recycled back to the plasma membrane. A robust endocytic recycling pathway is required to balance the removal of membrane materials from endocytosis. Various proteins are reported to regulate the pathway, including ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6). Density gradient ultracentrifugation is a classical method for cell fractionation. After the centrifugation, organelles are sedimented at their isopycnic surface. The fractions are collected and used for other downstream applications. Described here is a protocol to obtain a recycling endosome-containing fraction from transfected mammalian cells using density gradient ultracentrifugation. The isolated fractions were subjected to standard Western blotting for analyzing their protein contents. By employing this method, we identified that the plasma membrane targeting of engulfment and cell motility 1 (ELMO1), a Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1) guanine nucleotide exchange factor, is through ARF6-mediated endocytic recycling.
Acceptance Date26/05/2021
All Author(s) ListWai Wa Ray Chan, Yu Qi Zhai, Kwok-Fai Lau
Journal nameJournal of Visualized Experiments
Year2021
Month6
Day30
Volume Number172
PublisherJournal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE)
Place of PublicationUSA
Article numbere62621
ISSN1940-087X
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsDensity Gradient Ultracentrifugation, Endocytic Recycling

Last updated on 2021-18-10 at 00:07