Properties and Astrophysical Implications of the 150 M Binary Black Hole Merger GW190521
Publication in refereed journal

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摘要The gravitational-wave signal GW190521 is consistent with a binary black hole (BBH) merger source at redshift 0.8 with unusually high component masses,M andM, compared to previously reported events, and shows mild evidence for spin-induced orbital precession. The primary falls in the mass gap predicted by (pulsational) pair-instability supernova theory, in the approximate range 65-120 M. The probability that at least one of the black holes in GW190521 is in that range is 99.0%. The final mass of the merger (M) classifies it as an intermediate-mass black hole. Under the assumption of a quasi-circular BBH coalescence, we detail the physical properties of GW190521's source binary and its post-merger remnant, including component masses and spin vectors. Three different waveform models, as well as direct comparison to numerical solutions of general relativity, yield consistent estimates of these properties. Tests of strong-field general relativity targeting the merger-ringdown stages of the coalescence indicate consistency of the observed signal with theoretical predictions. We estimate the merger rate of similar systems to be. We discuss the astrophysical implications of GW190521 for stellar collapse and for the possible formation of black holes in the pair-instability mass gap through various channels: via (multiple) stellar coalescences, or via hierarchical mergers of lower-mass black holes in star clusters or in active galactic nuclei. We find it to be unlikely that GW190521 is a strongly lensed signal of a lower-mass black hole binary merger. We also discuss more exotic possible sources for GW190521, including a highly eccentric black hole binary, or a primordial black hole binary.
著者R. Abbott et al
期刊名稱Astrophysical Journal Letters
出版年份2020
月份9
卷號900
期次1
出版社IOP PUBLISHING LTD
文章號碼L13
國際標準期刊號2041-8205
電子國際標準期刊號2041-8213
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Astrophysical black holes, High energy astrophysics, Gravitational collapse, Gravitation, Gravitational wave astronomy, Gravitational wave sources, LIGO, Stellar mass black holes, Stellar populations, Intermediate-mass black holes
Web of Science 學科類別Astronomy & Astrophysics;Astronomy & Astrophysics

上次更新時間 2021-13-06 於 00:59