Inferring the Association between the Risk of COVID-19 Case Fatality and N501Y Substitution in SARS-CoV-2
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AbstractAs COVID-19 is posing a serious threat to global health, the emerging mutation in SARS-CoV-2 genomes, for example, N501Y substitution, is one of the major challenges against control of the pandemic. Characterizing the relationship between mutation activities and the risk of severe clinical outcomes is of public health importance for informing the healthcare decision-making process. Using a likelihood-based approach, we developed a statistical framework to reconstruct a time-varying and variant-specific case fatality ratio (CFR), and to estimate changes in CFR associated with a single mutation empirically. For illustration, the statistical framework is implemented to the COVID-19 surveillance data in the United Kingdom (UK). The reconstructed instantaneous CFR gradually increased from 1.0% in September to 2.2% in November 2020 and stabilized at this level thereafter, which monitors the mortality risk of COVID-19 on a real-time basis. We identified a link between the SARS-CoV-2 mutation activity at molecular scale and COVID-19 mortality risk at population scale, and found that the 501Y variants may slightly but not significantly increase 18% of fatality risk than the preceding 501N variants. We found no statistically significant evidence of change in COVID-19 mortality risk associated with 501Y variants, and highlighted the real-time estimating potentials of the modelling framework.
Acceptance Date18/03/2021
All Author(s) ListZhao Shi, Lou Jingzhi, Chong Marc K.C., Cao Lirong, Zheng Hong, Chen Zigui, Chan Renee W.Y., Zee Benny C.Y., Chan Paul K.S., Wang Maggie H.
Journal nameViruses
Year2021
Month4
Day8
Volume Number13
Issue Number4
PublisherMDPI
Article number638
ISSN1999-4915
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2021-14-06 at 00:14