Diagnostic performance of the STOP-Bang questionnaire as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea in different ethnic groups
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AbstractStudy Objectives: The STOP-Bang questionnaire is a concise and easy screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Using modified body mass index (BMI), we assessed the diagnostic performance of the STOP-Bang questionnaire in predicting OSA in ethnically different groups of patients undergoing surgery. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective cohort study involving patients with cardiovascular risk factors who were undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Patients underwent home sleep apnea testing. All patients completed the STOP-Bang questionnaire. The predictive parameters of STOP-Bang scores were calculated against the apnea-hypopnea index. Results: From 4 ethnic groups 1,205 patients (666 Chinese, 161 Indian, 195 Malay, and 183 Caucasian) were included in the study. The mean BMI ranged from 25 ± 4 to 30 ± 6 kg/m2 andmean age ranged from64 ± 8 to 71 ± 10 years. For the Chinese and Indian patients, diagnostic parameters are presented using BMI threshold of 27.5 kg/m2 with the area under curve to predict moderate-to-severe OSA being 0.709 (0.665-0.753) and 0.722 (0.635-0.808), respectively. For theMalay and Caucasian, diagnostic parameters are presented using BMI threshold of 35 kg/m2 with the area under curve for predictingmoderate-to-severe OSA being 0.645 (0.572-0.720) and 0.657 (0.578-0.736), respectively. Balancing the sensitivity and specificity, the optimal STOP-Bang thresholds for the Chinese, Indian, Malay, and Caucasian groups were determined to be 4 or greater. Conclusions: For predicting moderate-to-severe OSA, we recommend BMI threshold of 27.5 kg/m2 for Chinese and Indian patients and 35 kg/m2 for Malay and Caucasian patients. The optimal STOP-Bang threshold for the Chinese, Indian, Malay and Caucasian groups is 4 or greater.
Acceptance Date14/10/2020
All Author(s) ListWaseem R, Chan MTV, Wang CY, Seet E, Tam S, Loo SY, Lam CKM, Hui DS, Chung F
Journal nameJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Year2021
Month3
Volume Number17
Issue Number3
Pages521 - 532
ISSN1550-9389
eISSN1550-9397
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsbody mass index, obstructive sleep apnea, surgery, STOP-Bang questionnaire, screening tool

Last updated on 2021-20-06 at 00:39