Towards a wristed percutaneous robot with variable stiffness for pericardiocentesis
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AbstractPericardiocentesis is the drainage of excessive fluid in the pericardium surrounding the heart under ultrasound guidance. The percutaneous procedure comes with the risk of cardiac perforation since the needle is inserted towards the beating heart. This letter presents a novel percutaneous robot that features a flexible wrist made of shape memory alloy (SMA) spring which can vary its stiffness through temperature variation. The SMA spring can be heated and thus stiffened to allow insertion. At lower temperature, it behaves like a spring backbone that allows the needle to be bent away from the heart and thus minimizing the chance of cardiac perforation. A heating tube made of nichrome wire and PTFE tube was developed to be the heat source for the SMA spring. The robot has an outer diameter of 4 mm, similar to the dilator used in pericardiocentesis, and a lumen to pass a guidewire through. A stiffness model and kinematics model were developed and verified through experiments. The surface temperature of the SMA-based wrist was evaluated to be less than the tissue necrosis temperature. Lastly, we demonstrated that the robot could be inserted into gelatin phantoms of different stiffnesses and produce a wristed motion under ultrasound guidance.
Acceptance Date08/02/2021
All Author(s) ListYan K, Yan WQ, Zeng WH, Ding QP, Chen JH, Yan JY, Lam CP, Wan S, Cheng SS
Journal nameIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Year2021
Month4
Volume Number6
Issue Number2
PublisherIEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
Place of PublicationUSA
Pages2993 - 3000
ISSN2377-3766
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsSurgical robot, variable stiffness, percutaneous needle, steerable instrument, pericardiocentesis

Last updated on 2021-22-06 at 00:13