A longitudinal study using parental cognitions based on the theory of planned behavior to predict childhood influenza vaccination
Publication in refereed journal

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其它資訊
摘要Background
The World Health Organization recommends young children aged 6–59 months receive influenza vaccination (IV) annually. This study investigated the IV incidence in a 12-month follow-up period among 24–59 month-old children and identified its predictors based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB).

Methods
A population-based random telephone survey was conducted at baseline (March–June 2011) among Chinese parents of 24–59 month-old children in Hong Kong, China, and a follow-up survey was conducted 12 months afterwards (N = 440).

Results
The IV prevalence was 63.2% at follow-up (3% increased from baseline). The IV incidence during the follow-up period for all sampled, ever-vaccinated, and never-vaccinated children was 35.6, 58.5, and 7.7 per 100 person-years, respectively. Stratified analyses of logistic regression were performed for the ever-vaccinated and never-vaccinated children. After adjusting for significant socio-demographic variable(s), parental positive attitude, norm, and behavioral intention were significant predictors of IV at follow-up among ever-vaccinated children, while intention was the only significant predictor among never-vaccinated children.

Conclusions
Most of the IVs received during the follow-up period were re-vaccinations rather than first-time vaccinations. Efforts should target never-vaccinated children's parents, who reported low incidence and intention. TPB also worked less well among never-vaccinated children, and thus research for other predictors of never-vaccinated children's first-time vaccination are warranted. Promotion programs should consider segmentation by children's prior vaccination status.
著者Anise M.S.Wu, Joseph T.F.Lau, Yee-ling Ma, Kit-Man Cheng, Mason M.C.Lau
期刊名稱Journal of Infection and Public Health
出版年份2020
月份7
卷號13
期次7
出版社Elsevier
頁次970 - 979
國際標準期刊號1876-0341
電子國際標準期刊號1876-035X
語言美式英語
關鍵詞Influenza, Vaccination, Theory of planned behavior, Prior experience, Young children

上次更新時間 2021-17-09 於 00:26