Immunomodulatory and antitumour bioactive labdane diterpenoids from Leonurus japonicus
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Objectives: Two labdane diterpenoids, leojapone B and heteronone B, were isolated from Leonurus japonicus Houtt., and their biological activity were evaluated in this study.

Methods: Human and mouse cancer cells, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and mouse macrophages (RAW264.7 cells) were used to evaluate the activity of leojapone B and heteronone B, while the in vivo effects of leojapone B were further examined in Lewis Lung Cancer tumour-bearing mice.

Key findings: In vitro studies showed that leojapone B selectively inhibited the proliferation of lung cancer cells, and both leojapone B and heteronone B inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in activated PBMCs. In tumour-bearing mice model, lung tumours were reduced in size in mice treated with intraperitoneal injections of leojapone B at 20 and 30 mg/kg for 14 days. The population ratio of CD4+ /CD8+ T cells in mouse spleens was found to be increased, while regulatory T cells were decreased after leojapone B treatment.

Conclusions: The inhibitory effects of leojapone B in mouse lung tumours were demonstrated for the first time in this study. The immunomodulatory activity of heteronone B were also demonstrated. Our findings indicated that both leojapone B and heteronone B may act as active components in L. japonicus.
著者Yue GG, Liang XX, Li XL, Lee JK, Gao S, Kwok HF, Lau CB, Xiao WL
期刊名稱Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
頁次1657 - 1665

上次更新時間 2021-17-09 於 00:26