Impact of COVID-19 on loneliness, mental health, and health service utilisation: a prospective cohort study of older adults with multimorbidity in primary care
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the psychological health and health service utilisation of older adults with multimorbidity, who are particularly vulnerable.

Aim: To describe changes in loneliness, mental health problems, and attendance to scheduled medical care before and after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design and setting: Telephone survey on a pre-existing cohort of older adults with multimorbidity in primary care.

Method: Mental health and health service utilisation outcomes were compared with the outcomes before the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak in Hong Kong using paired t-tests, Wilcoxon's signed-rank test, and McNemar's test. Loneliness was measured by the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale. The secondary outcomes (anxiety, depression, and insomnia) were measured by the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder tool, and the Insomnia Severity Index. Appointments attendance data were extracted from a computerised medical record system. Sociodemographic factors associated with outcome changes were examined by linear regression and generalised estimating equations.

Results: Data were collected from 583 older (≥60 years) adults. There were significant increases in loneliness, anxiety, and insomnia, after the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak. Missed medical appointments over a 3-month period increased from 16.5% 1 year ago to 22.0% after the onset of the outbreak. In adjusted analysis, being female, living alone, and having >4 chronic conditions were independently associated with increased loneliness. Females were more likely to have increased anxiety and insomnia.

Conclusion: Psychosocial health of older patients with multimorbidity markedly deteriorated and missed medical appointments substantially increased after the COVID-19 outbreak.
著者Samuel Yeung Shan Wong, Dexing Zhang, Regina Wing Shan Sit, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Carmen Ka Man Wong, Dicken Cheong Chun Chan, Wen Sun, Kin On Kwok, Stewart W Mercer
期刊名稱British Journal of General Practice
出版社Royal College of General Practitioners
頁次e817 - e824
關鍵詞COVID-19, cohort studies, help-seeking behaviour, multimorbidity, psychosocial health, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2

上次更新時間 2021-11-01 於 23:54