Targeting the polycomb repressive complex-2 related proteins with novel combinational strategies for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
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AbstractAberrant epigenetic regulation is critically involved in the pathogenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), where abnormal histone methylation can be found in polycomb repressive complex-2 (PRC2) related cancer gene loci. This study investigated some novel combinational strategies against NPC in vitro using PRC2-targeting agents as a backbone. PRC2 subunit proteins were overexpressed in over 70% of NPC tumors and enhancer of zeste homolog-2 (EZH2) expression correlated with more advanced T-stage. Basal expression of EZH2 and embryonic ectoderm development (EED) was higher in Epstein-Bar virus (EBV)+ NPC cells than EBV- cells. Treatment with an EED inhibitor (EED226) led to reduced levels of H3K27me3 with minimal inhibitory effect on NPC cell growth. The combination of an EZH2 inhibitor (EPZ-6438) and trichostatin-A (TSA) yielded the highest synergy score (12.64) in NPC cells in vitro than combinations using EED226 and agents like chemotherapy and azacitadine. Global gene expression analysis showed that EED226 predominantly affects the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I genes and cell cycle-related genes in NPC cells. Furthermore, treatment with EED226 resulted in increased MHC-I proteins in vitro. Based on the prediction of an artificial neural network, a synergistic inhibitory effect on growth was found by combining EED226 with cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor (LEE011) in NPC cells. In summary, this study found that PRC2-targeting agents could exert synergistic effect on growth inhibition when combined with TSA or LEE011 in NPC cells. Since MHC-I genes alterations are found in a third of NPC tumors, the effect of EED226 on MHC-I genes expression on response to immunotherapy in NPC warrants further investigations.
All Author(s) ListJun-Yu Zhu, Lili Li, Joanna Tong, Connie Hui, Chi Hang Wong, Kwok Wai Lo, Raymond Chan, Qi-Yong Ai, Edwin P Hui, Anthony T C Chan, Ka F To, Qian Tao, Brigette B Y Ma
Journal nameAmerican Journal of Cancer Research
Volume Number10
Issue Number10
Publishere-Century Publishing
Pages3267 - 3284
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2021-27-07 at 23:59