Streptococcus thermophilus inhibits colorectal tumorigenesis through secreting β-galactosidase
Publication in refereed journal

替代計量分析
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其它資訊
摘要Background & Aims
Streptococcus thermophilus was identified to be depleted in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) by shotgun metagenomic sequencing of 526 multicohort fecal samples. Here, we aim to investigate whether this bacterium could act as a prophylactic for CRC prevention.

Methods
The antitumor effects of S thermophilus were assessed in cultured colonic epithelial cells and in 2 murine models of intestinal tumorigenesis. The tumor-suppressive protein produced by S thermophilus was identified by mass spectrometry and followed by β-galactosidase activity assay. The mutant strain of S thermophilus was constructed by homologous recombination. The effect of S thermophilus on the gut microbiota composition was assessed by shotgun metagenomic sequencing.

Results
Oral gavage of S thermophilus significantly reduced tumor formation in both Apcmin/+ and azoxymethane-injected mice. Coincubation with S thermophilus or its conditioned medium decreased the proliferation of cultured CRC cells. β-Galactosidase was identified as the critical protein produced by S thermophilus by mass spectrometry screening and β-galactosidase activity assay. β-Galactosidase secreted by S thermophilus inhibited cell proliferation, lowered colony formation, induced cell cycle arrest, and promoted apoptosis of cultured CRC cells and retarded the growth of CRC xenograft. The mutant S thermophilus without functional β-galactosidase lost its tumor-suppressive effect. Also, S thermophilus increased the gut abundance of known probiotics, including Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus via β-galactosidase. β-Galactosidase-dependent production of galactose interfered with energy homeostasis to activate oxidative phosphorylation and downregulate the Hippo pathway kinases, which partially mediated the anticancer effects of S thermophilus.

Conclusion
S thermophilus is a novel prophylactic for CRC prevention in mice. The tumor-suppressive effect of S thermophilus is mediated at least by the secretion of β-galactosidase.
出版社接受日期01.09.2020
著者Qing Li, Wei Hu, Wei-Xin Liu, Liu-Yang Zhao, Dan Huang, Xiao-Dong Liu, Hung Chan, Yuchen Zhang, Ju-Deng Zeng, Olabisi Oluwabukola Coker, Wei Kang, Simon Siu Man Ng, Lin Zhang, Sunny Hei Wong, Tony Gin, Matthew Tak Vai Chan, Jian-Lin Wu, Jun Yu, William Ka Kei Wu
期刊名稱Gastroenterology
出版年份2021
月份3
卷號160
期次4
出版社Elsevier
頁次1179 - 1193.e14
國際標準期刊號0016-5085
電子國際標準期刊號1528-0012
語言美式英語

上次更新時間 2021-15-09 於 00:04