Anticipated rationing policy for inventory systems with two demand classes and backlogging costs
Publication in refereed journal


摘要This paper studies a periodic-review, infinite-horizon, backlogging inventory model with two demand classes and a constant lead time, where inventory replenishment follows a base-stock policy. We consider an anticipated rationing policy which reserves inventory for future high-priority demands with higher backlogging costs by taking the coming delivery of the next period into consideration. Due to the lack of nice properties such as convexity, both the optimal base-stock level and the optimal critical level when minimising inventory costs have to be found by an exhaustive search. Instead, we study a single-period problem truncated from the original infinite-horizon problem and derive its optimal reservation level with a closed-form expression. Surprisingly, the solution form of the single-period problem coincides exactly with the anticipated rationing policy and hence this solution serves as a good approximation for the optimal critical level of the infinite-horizon problem. An empirical study further demonstrates that our closed-form approximation is quite attractive in both solution accuracy and computation efficiency based on spare parts inventory data from a petrochemical plant in China.
著者Wang Y, Zhang SH, Zhou SX, Zhang Y
期刊名稱International Journal of Production Research
關鍵詞inventory, backlogging, two demand classes, dynamic rationing, closed-form expressions
Web of Science 學科類別Engineering, Industrial;Engineering, Manufacturing;Operations Research & Management Science;Engineering;Operations Research & Management Science

上次更新時間 2021-14-10 於 23:48