LLGL1 Regulates Gemcitabine Resistance by Modulating ERK-SP1-OSMR Pathway in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
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AbstractBackground & Aims: Gemcitabine resistance is rapidly acquired by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. Novel approaches that predict the gemcitabine response of patients and enhance gemcitabine chemosensitivity are important to improve patient survival. We aimed to identify genes as novel biomarkers to predict the gemcitabine response and the therapeutic targets to attenuate chemoresistance in PDAC cells. Methods: Genome-wide RNA interference screening was conducted to identify genes that regulated gemcitabine chemoresistance. A cell proliferation assay and a tumor formation assay were conducted to study the role of lethal giant larvae homolog 1 (LLGL1) in gemcitabine chemoresistance. Levels of LLGL1 and its regulating targets were measured by immunohistochemical staining in tumor tissues obtained from patients who received gemcitabine as a single therapeutic agent. A gene-expression microarray was conducted to identify the targets regulated by LLGL1. Results: Silencing of LLGL1 markedly reduced the gemcitabine chemosensitivity in PDAC cells. Patients had significantly shorter survival (6 months) if they bore tumors expressing low LLGL1 level than tumors with high LLGL1 level (20 months) (hazard ratio, 0.1567; 95% CI, 0.05966–0.4117). Loss of LLGL1 promoted cytokine receptor oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) expression in PDAC cells that led to gemcitabine resistance, while knockdown of OSMR effectively rescued the chemoresistance phenotype. The LLGL1-OSMR regulatory pathway showed great clinical importance because low LLGL1 and high OSMR expressions were observed frequently in PDAC tissues. Silencing of LLGL1 induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 and specificity protein 1 (Sp1), promoted Sp1 (pThr453) binding at the OSMR promoter, and enhanced OSMR transcription. Conclusions: LLGL1 possessed a tumor-suppressor role as an inhibitor of chemoresistance by regulating OSMR–extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2/Sp1 signaling. The data sets generated and analyzed during the current study are available in the Gene Expression Omnibus repository (ID: GSE64681).
All Author(s) ListYin-Xin ZHU, Chi Han LI, Guolin LI, Huiyi FENG, Tian XIA, Chi Hin WONG, Frederic K. C. FUNG, Joanna Hung-Man TONG, Ka-Fai TO, Rufu CHEN, Yangchao CHEN
Journal nameCellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Detailed descriptionOnline ahead of print on 29-Jun-2020.
Volume Number10
Issue Number4
Pages811 - 828
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2021-29-11 at 23:28