Mesenchymal stem cells promote healing of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-related peptic ulcer through paracrine actions in pigs
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AbstractNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most important causes of peptic ulcer disease in high-income countries. Proton pump inhibitors are the current standard treatment; however, safety and long-term adverse effects of using these drugs are attracting more and more concerns in recent years. Using a porcine model of NSAID-related gastric ulcer, we herein show that adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) delivered by endoscopic submucosal injection promoted ulcer healing with less inflammatory infiltration and enhanced reepithelization and neovascularization at day 7 and day 21 when compared with the controls (saline injection). However, only few engrafted ADMSCs showed myofibroblast and epithelial cell phenotype in vivo, suggesting the ulcer healing process might be much less dependent on the stem cell transdifferentiation. Further experiment with submucosal injection of MSC-derived secretome revealed a therapeutic efficacy comparable to that of stem cell transplantation. Profiling analysis showed up-regulation of genes associated with inflammation, granulation formation, and extracellular matrix remodeling at day 7 after injection of MSC-derived secretome. In addition, the extracellular signal–regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase and the phosphoinositide-3-kinase/protein kinase B pathways were activated after injection of ADMSCs or MSC-derived secretome. Both signaling pathways were involved in mediating the major events critical to gastric ulcer healing, including cell survival, migration, and angiogenesis. Our data suggest that endoscopic submucosal injection of ADMSCs serves as a promising approach to promote healing of NSAID-related peptic ulcer, and the paracrine effectors released from stem cells play a crucial role in this process.
Acceptance Date30/10/2019
All Author(s) ListXianfeng Xia, Kai Fung Chan, Gerald Tsz Yau Wong, Peng Wang, Liu Liu, Baldwin Po Man Yeung, Enders Kwok Wai Ng, James Yun Wong Lau, Philip Wai Yan Chiu
Journal nameScience Translational Medicine
Year2019
Month10
Day30
Volume Number11
Issue Number516
Article numbereaat7455
ISSN1946-6234
eISSN1946-6242
LanguagesEnglish-United States

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