The association between trauma centrality and posttraumatic stress among Syrian refugees: The impact of cognitive distortions and trauma-coping self-efficacy
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AbstractWhile research suggests that the war in Syria has led to a drastic re-evaluation of oneself and elevated psychiatric symptoms among Syrian refugees, little is known whether these psychological reactions might be influenced by maladaptive beliefs about oneself and the world and their ability to cope with the effect of the trauma. This study aimed to provide further evidence on the association between trauma centrality, posttraumatic stress, and psychiatric comorbidity, and examine whether cognitive distortions and trauma-coping self-efficacy would mediate the impact of trauma centrality on distress among Syrian refugees residing in Sweden. Four-hundred seventy-five Syrian refugees completed a demographic page, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire-28, Centrality of Event Scale, Cognitive Distortion Scales, and trauma-coping self-efficacy. Results showed that trauma centrality was significantly correlated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychiatric comorbidity after adjusting the effects of trauma exposure characteristics. Cognitive distortions mediated the impact of trauma centrality on the two distress outcomes; trauma-coping self-efficacy did not but was negatively correlated with outcomes. To conclude, the war in Syria changed self-perception, outlook on life, and identity among Syrian refugees. These changes were related to increased psychological symptoms especially for those who had distorted beliefs about themselves and the world. Refugees’ belief in the lack of ability to cope with the effect of the trauma impacted psychological distress independently of changes in self-perception.
Acceptance Date09/06/2020
All Author(s) ListMan Cheung Chung, Mudar Shakra
Journal nameJournal of Interpersonal Violence
PublisherSAGE Publications
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscognitive distortions, coping, PTSD, refugees

Last updated on 2021-21-01 at 00:17