Global perspectives on cardiothoracic, cardiovascular, and cardiac surgical training
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AbstractObjective: Various methods for cardiothoracic, cardiovascular, and cardiac surgical training exist across the globe, with the common goal of producing safe, independent surgeons. A comparative analysis of international training paradigms has not been undertaken, and our goal in doing so was to offer insights into how to best prepare future trainees and ensure the health of our specialty. Methods: We performed a comparative analysis of available publications offering detailed descriptions of various cardiothoracic, cardiovascular, and cardiac surgical training paradigms. Corresponding authors from previous publications and other international collaborators were also reached directly for further data acquisition. Results: We report various approaches to common challenges surrounding (1) selection of trainees and plans for the future surgical workforce; (2) trainee assessments and certification of competency before independent practice; and (3) challenges related to a changing practice landscape. Conclusions: Cardiothoracic surgery remains a dynamic and rewarding specialty. Current and future trainees face several challenges that transcend national borders. To foster collaboration and adoption of best practices, we highlight international strengths and weaknesses of various nations in terms of workforce selection, trainee operative experience and assessment, board certification, and preparation for future changes anticipated in cardiothoracic surgery.
Acceptance Date28/01/2020
All Author(s) ListNissen AP, Smith JA, Schmitto JD, Mariani S, Almeida RMS, Afoke J, Asai T, Luc JGY, Shapira OM, Mennander A, Tanaka A, Kaleda VI, Wan S, Wick A, Reichenspurner H, Cohn BM, Nguyen TC
Journal nameJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Year2021
Month1
Volume Number161
Issue Number1
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages168 - 174.e5
ISSN0022-5223
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscardiac surgery, global surgery, surgical education

Last updated on 2024-09-04 at 00:26