Downregulation of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α by RNA Interference Alleviates the Development of Collagen-Induced Arthritis in Rats
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AbstractRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common type of autoimmune arthritis. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) as a transcription factor in response to hypoxia suggests that it could be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of RA. In this study, we assessed whether the HIF pathway blockade attenuates the manifestations of RA in the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model. We constructed a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) lentiviral expression vector targeting HIF-1α (pLVX-shRNA-HIF-1α) and to achieve HIF-1α RNA interference. Quantitative RT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining, and western blot were used to detect the expressions of HIF-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), phsopho (p)-p65, and p-IКBɑ mRNA and protein, respectively. Micro-computed tomography was used to investigate joint morphology at different time points after CIA induction. Moreover, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to monitor the expression of inflammatory cytokines. In vitro analyses revealed that pLVX-shRNA-HIF-1α effectively inhibited the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF and led to the activation of p-65 and p-IКBɑ, as well as decreased proinflammatory cytokine expression in cell culture. Inhibition of HIF-1α in rats decreased signs of a systemic inflammatory condition, together with decreased pathological changes of RA. Moreover, downregulation of HIF-1α expression markedly reduced the synovitis and angiogenesis. In conclusion, we have shown that pharmacological inhibition of HIF-1 may improve the clinical manifestations of RA.
Acceptance Date10/01/2020
All Author(s) ListYiping Hu, Tiantian Zhang, Jingqin Chen, Wenxiang Cheng, Jianhai Chen, Zhengtan Zhwng, Jietao Lin, Guoyuan Zhu, Yong Zhang, Xueling Bai, Yan Wang, Bing Song, Qingwen Wang, Ling Qin, Peng Zhang
Journal nameMolecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids
Volume Number19
Pages1330 - 1342
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsLentivirus, rheumatoid arthritis, shRNA

Last updated on 2021-01-08 at 23:59