Efficient Ammonia Electrosynthesis from Nitrate on Strained Ruthenium Nanoclusters
Publication in refereed journal


摘要The limitations of the Haber-Bosch reaction, particularly high-temperature operation, have ignited new interests in low-temperature ammonia-synthesis scenarios. Ambient N-2 electroreduction is a compelling alternative but is impeded by a low ammonia production rate (mostly <10 mmol g(cat)(-1) h(-1)), a small partial current density (<1 mA cm(-2)), and a high-selectivity hydrogen-evolving side reaction. Herein, we report that room-temperature nitrate electroreduction catalyzed by strained ruthenium nanoclusters generates ammonia at a higher rate (5.56 g(cat)(-1) h(-1)) than the Haber- Bosch process. The primary contributor to such performance is hydrogen radicals, which are generated by suppressing hydrogen-hydrogen dimerization during water splitting enabled by the tensile lattice strains. The radicals expedite nitrate-to-ammonia conversion by hydrogenating intermediates of the rate-limiting steps at lower kinetic barriers. The strained nanostructures can maintain nearly 100% ammonia-evolving selectivity at >120 mA cm(-2) current densities for 100 h due to the robust subsurface Ru-O coordination. These findings highlight the potential of nitrate electroreduction in real-world, low-temperature ammonia synthesis.
著者Li J, Zhan GM, Yang JH, Quan FJ, Mao CL, Liu Y, Wang B, Lei FC, Li LJ, Chan AWM, Xu LP, Shi YB, Du Y, Hao WC, Wong PK, Wang JF, Dou SX, Zhang LZ, Yu JC
期刊名稱Journal of the American Chemical Society
出版社American Chemical Society
頁次7036 - 7046
Web of Science 學科類別Chemistry, Multidisciplinary;Chemistry

上次更新時間 2020-23-11 於 23:53