Self-Curing Decoupling Technique for MIMO Antenna Arrays in Mobile Terminals
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AbstractThe self-curing decoupling technique is substantially extended to apply to multi-input multi-output (MIMO) antenna arrays in mobile terminals. Using this proposed technique, the mutual coupling between antennas can be reduced by inlaying lumped element capacitors on the ground plane. The decoupling method does not require any physical connection or obstruction between coupled antennas. The significance of the proposed decoupling technique is fourfold: 1) it works for inverted-F antennas (IFAs), monopole antennas, and loop antennas, the most three commonly used antenna forms for mobile terminals; 2) the inherent improvement on matching conditions after decoupling; 3) the flexibility in implementation owing to its detachment from the antenna body; and 4) the applicability to an array with more than two elements. Four demonstrating examples, including two IFAs, two monopole antennas, two loop antennas, and a MIMO array with four elements of different antenna types are studied by EM modeling, passive tests, and MIMO over-the-air (OTA) measurements. The experimental results show that significant improvements in port isolation (from 9 to 30 dB), total efficiency (from 53% to 69%), and above all, the system data throughput can be achieved. The working mechanism of the method is revealed and justified through the partial element equivalent circuit (PEEC) model in the fifth example.
Acceptance Date14/09/2019
All Author(s) ListJiangwei Sui, Yuhang Dou, Xide Mei, Ke-Li Wu
Journal nameIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume Number68
Issue Number2
Place of PublicationUSA
Pages838 - 849
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsAntenna arrays, MIMO communication, Capacitors, Mobile antennas, Mutual coupling, Antenna measurements

Last updated on 2020-19-10 at 01:30