Children's bias in appraisals of gender-variant peers
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AbstractPast research suggests that children have biased negative appraisals of gender-variant (GV) peers (i.e., peers who display behaviors/interests that do not align with gender stereotypes). In the current study, Canadian cisgender 4- and 5-year-olds and 8- and 9-year-olds (N = 183; 48.6% girls), who were ethnically diverse (36% White European heritage) and from mostly middle- to upper-income families, viewed vignettes depicting boys and girls as either gender-conforming (GC) or GV. Multiple measures gauged children’s appraisals in various domains (i.e., friendship/social preference, popularity, happiness, imitation, and moral judgment). Children’s bias against GV peers was modest. Children preferred peers who presented as the same gender and/or with same-gender-typed behaviors/interests. Compared with GC peers, GV peers were rated as less happy, and older children rated a GV boy as less popular. When juxtaposed with a previous study of Hong Kong children that used the same study design, there were several parallels in the patterns observed, but Canadian children had a weaker and less consistent pattern of bias against GV peers than children from Hong Kong. In addition, children from these two cultures showed discrepant patterns for certain aspects of appraisals (e.g., happiness, moral judgment). Overall, these findings inform age-, gender-, and cultural-related influences on children’s appraisals of GV peers.
Acceptance Date23/04/2020
All Author(s) ListNabbijohn A. N., MacMullin L. N., Kwan K. M. W., Santarossa A., Peragine D. E., Wong W. I., VanderLaan D. P.
Journal nameJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume Number196
Article number104865
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2021-11-01 at 23:31