Impacts of ENSO and IOD on Snow Depth over the Tibetan Plateau: Roles of Convections over the Western North Pacific and Indian Ocean
Publication in refereed journal

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摘要There is a consensus that snow over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) modulates the regional climate significantly. Possible causes for the interannual variability of snow over the TP, however, are under debate, especially regarding the independent roles of El Niño‐Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean dipole (IOD). Based on in situ observational data analyses and model simulations, our study shows that impacts of ENSO and IOD on snow depth (SD) over the TP are different during early winter. In particular, ENSO mostly affects SD over the eastern TP, while IOD affects SD over the central western TP. Both above‐normal snowfall and cold temperature anomaly contribute to deeper‐than‐normal SD, with the former playing a more important role. Diabatic cooling of the suppressed convection over the western North Pacific that related to the positive phase of ENSO could excite an anomalous cyclonic circulation and strong cold temperature anomalies over the eastern TP. There is an enhanced moisture transported over the eastern TP from the tropics due to the anomalous cyclonic circulation, along with strong cold temperature anomalies, resulting in above‐normal snowfall in the eastern TP. On the other hand, anomalous convection over the western Indian Ocean related to the positive IOD could generate a wave train propagating northeastward and induce an anomalous cyclonic circulation over the central western TP. The associated anomalous circulation transports extra moisture from the tropics to the central western TP, providing conditions favorable for more snowfall over the central western TP. Opposite conditions tend to occur during negative phases of ENSO and IOD.
出版社接受日期04.11.2019
著者Xingwen Jiang, Tuantuan Zhang, Chi-Yung Tam, Junwen Chen, Ngar-Cheung Lau, Song Yang, Zunya Wang
期刊名稱Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
出版年份2019
月份11
日期27
卷號124
期次22
頁次11961 - 11975
國際標準期刊號2169-897X
電子國際標準期刊號2169-8996
語言美式英語

上次更新時間 2020-23-10 於 00:35