Differential physiological, transcriptomic and metabolomic responses of Arabidopsis leaves under prolonged warming and heat shock
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Elevated temperature as a result of global climate warming, either in form of sudden heatwave (heat shock) or prolonged warming, has profound effects on the growth and development of plants. However, how plants differentially respond to these two forms of elevated temperatures is largely unknown. Here we have therefore performed a comprehensive comparison of multi-level responses of Arabidopsis leaves to heat shock and prolonged warming.

The plant responded to prolonged warming through decreased stomatal conductance, and to heat shock by increased transpiration. In carbon metabolism, the glycolysis pathway was enhanced while the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle was inhibited under prolonged warming, and heat shock significantly limited the conversion of pyruvate into acetyl coenzyme A. The cellular concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the activities of antioxidant enzymes were increased under both conditions but exhibited a higher induction under heat shock. Interestingly, the transcription factors, class A1 heat shock factors (HSFA1s) and dehydration responsive element-binding proteins (DREBs), were up-regulated under heat shock, whereas with prolonged warming, other abiotic stress response pathways, especially basic leucine zipper factors (bZIPs) were up-regulated instead.

Our findings reveal that Arabidopsis exhibits different response patterns under heat shock versus prolonged warming, and plants employ distinctly different response strategies to combat these two types of thermal stress.
All Author(s) ListWang L, Ma KB, Lu ZG, Ren SX, Jiang HR, Cui JW, Chen G, Teng NJ, Lam HM, Jin B
Journal nameBMC Plant Biology
Volume Number20
Issue Number1
Article number86
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsArabidopsis thaliana, Climate warming, Heat stress, Omics, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Transcription factors
Web of Science Subject CategoriesPlant Sciences;Plant Sciences

Last updated on 2021-10-10 at 23:27