Bidirectional effects between expressive regulatory abilities and peer acceptance among Chinese adolescents
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AbstractThe present study examined potential bidirectional effects between adolescents’ expressive regulation (the ability to enhance and suppress overt emotional behavior in line with situational demands) and peer interactions, via two experiments. Experiment 1 tested the hypothesis that adolescents’ expressive regulation affects their social acceptance from peers. Participants (N = 147) were randomly divided into three conditions and watched video clips in which a same-sex partner differed in their levels of expressive enhancement and suppression abilities. Results showed that participants reported greater liking of the partner when he/she was able to flexibly enhance and suppress emotional expressions in line with situational demands, compared to when either one of these abilities was impaired. Experiment 2 then examined whether peer rejection reduced participants’ enhancement and suppression abilities. We manipulated participants’ feelings of rejection through a virtual Cyberball game (Williams, Cheung, & Choi, 2000). Following this manipulation (N = 100; Inclusion vs. Exclusion), we tested participants’ expressive enhancement and suppression abilities, as well as natural expressivity, via an observational task. Peer exclusion resulted in lower levels of enhancement ability and natural expressive behaviors, but did not impair suppression ability. The results of these studies suggest that both expressive enhancement and suppression are important for adolescents to obtain higher peer acceptance. Additionally, peer exclusion also caused impairments in expressive regulation, specifically reduced enhancement abilities. Summarily, these results evidenced the bidirectional effects between expressive regulation and peer acceptance.
Acceptance Date05/05/2020
All Author(s) ListWang Y., Hawk S. T., Zong W.
Journal nameJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Year2020
Month11
Volume Number199
PublisherElsevier
Article number104891
ISSN0022-0965
eISSN1096-0457
LanguagesEnglish-United States
Keywordsexpressive regulation, expressive flexibility, peer acceptance, peer exclusion, bidirectional effects

Last updated on 2021-24-01 at 00:16