Ectopic HOTTIP expression induces noncanonical transactivation pathways to promote growth and invasiveness in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
Publication in refereed journal


摘要HOXA transcript at the distal tip (HOTTIP), a long noncoding RNA, is upregulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), but the HOTTIP-mediated oncogenic pathway is not fully understood. We identified canonical HOTTIP-HOXA13 targets, CYP26B1, CLIC5, CHI3L1 and UCP2-responsible for cell growth and cell invasion. Genome-wide analysis revealed that 38% of HOTTIP-regulated genes contain H3K4me3 and HOTTIP enrichment at their promoters, without HOXA13 binding. HOTTIP complexes with WDR5-MLL1 to trans-activate oncogenic proteins CYB5R2, SULT1A1, KIF26A, SLC1A4, and TSC22D1 by directly inducing H3K4me3 at their promoters. The WDR5, MLL1, and H3K4me3 levels at their promoters and their expression levels are sensitive to HOTTIP expression. These results indicate the importance of the noncanonical trans-acting HOTTIP-WDR5-MLL1 pathway in the HOTTIP regulatory mechanism by promoting oncogenic protein expression. Furthermore, HOTTIP is regulated by miR-497 in PDAC cells, but HOTTIP is negatively correlated with miR-497 levels in PDAC tissues. In conclusion, HOTTIP is upregulated in PDAC due to the loss of the inhibitory miR-497; HOTTIP promotes PDAC progression through the canonical HOTTIP- HOXA13 axis. A novel noncanonical trans-acting HOTTIP-WDR5-MLL1-H3K4me3 pathway is also delineated.
著者Chi Hin WONG, Chi Han LI, Qifang HE, Stephen Lam CHAN, Joanna Hung-Man TONG, Ka-Fai TO, Li-zhu LIN, Yangchao CHEN
期刊名稱Cancer Letters
頁次1 - 9
關鍵詞HOTTIP, miR-497, HOTTIP-WDR5-MLL1-H3K4me3, HOXA13, Pancreatic cancer
Web of Science 學科類別Oncology;Oncology

上次更新時間 2020-27-11 於 23:58