Gendered Appearances among Young Children and in the Media: An East-West Cultural Comparison
Publication in refereed journal

香港中文大學研究人員
替代計量分析
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其它資訊
摘要Many young children often exhibit a strong desire to wear extremely gender-typed clothing (appearance rigidity), reflecting their emerging gender identities. However, research on appearance rigidity largely has been limited to the United States, raising questions on whether appearance is a fundamental aspect of gender development. Studies 1 and 2 investigated whether appearance rigidity could also be observed in an East Asian culture (Hong Kong) and whether regional differences might be found. Based on cultural differences in systems of thought (e.g., more acceptance of contradictions in East Asian culture) and East Asian popular culture promoting softer forms of masculinity, we expected appearance rigidity to be greater in the United States than in Hong Kong. Indeed, although appearance rigidity was observed among children in Hong Kong, U.S. boys exhibited greater appearance rigidity than did boys in Hong Kong. Study 3 examined whether these differences among boys were represented in broader society through media representations. Coding various popular Hong Kong and American magazines revealed that men in Hong Kong magazines were depicted with more female-typed appearances than were men in U.S. magazines. Our work suggests that although appearances are important manifestations of gender identity across both American and East Asian cultures, certain cultural contexts might allow children more freedom in expressing their gender identity through appearances.
著者Gutierrez B. C., Halim M. L. D., Ng F. F., Kwak K., Ortiz-Cubias S., Cheng G. Y.-L., Sze I.
期刊名稱Sex Roles
出版年份2020
月份3
卷號82
期次5-6
出版社Springer
頁次306 - 320
國際標準期刊號0360-0025
電子國際標準期刊號1573-2762
語言美式英語

上次更新時間 2020-27-11 於 23:54