The Relationship between Pancreas Steatosis and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance in Chinese Adolescents with Concurrent Obesity and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
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AbstractBackground: The incidence of childhood obesity and associated comorbidities are on an increasing trend worldwide. More than 340 million children and adolescents aged between 5 and 19 years old were overweight or had obesity in 2016, from which over 124 million children and adolescents (6% of girls and 8% of boys) had obesity. Objective: To describe the relationship between pancreas steatosis, body fat and the risk of metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents with both obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: Fifty two adolescents with obesity and NAFLD were analysed (14-18 years), stratified into fatty and non-fatty pancreas groups using chemical shift encoded MRI-pancreas proton density fat fraction ≥5%. Pancreatic, abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT)/visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volumes, biochemical and anthropometric parameters were measured. Mann-Whitney U test, multiple linear/binary logistic regression analyses and odds ratios were used. Results: Fifty percent had fatty pancreas, 38% had metabolic syndrome and 81% had insulin resistance. Liver proton density fat fraction (PDFF) and VAT were independent predictors of insulin resistance (P =.006,.016). Pancreas and liver PDFF were both independent predictors of beta cells dysfunction (P =.015,.050) and metabolic syndrome (P =.021,.041). Presence of fatty pancreas in obesity was associated with insulin resistance (OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 0.39-6.4) and metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 0.53-5.5). Conclusion: A significant causal relationship exists between fatty pancreas, fatty liver, body fat and the risk of developing metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Key Points: Fatty pancreas is a common finding in adolescents with obesity, with a prevalence rate of 50% in this study cohort. Liver PDFF and VAT are independent predictors of insulin resistance while pancreas PDFF and liver PDFF are independent predictors of both beta cells dysfunction and metabolic syndrome. Presence of fatty pancreas at imaging should not be considered as a benign finding but rather as an imaging biomarker of emerging pancreatic metabolic and endocrine dysfunction.
Acceptance Date17/04/2020
All Author(s) ListChiyanika C, Chan DFY, Hui SCN, So HK, Deng M, Yeung DKW, Nelson TEAS, Chu WCW
Journal namePediatric Obesity
Year2020
Month9
Volume Number15
Issue Number9
PublisherWiley
Article numbere12653
ISSN2047-6310
eISSN2047-6302
LanguagesEnglish-United States
Keywordsfatty liver, insulin resistance, magnetic resonance imaging, metabolic syndrome, pancreas

Last updated on 2020-23-10 at 00:27