Transarterial Ethanol Ablation for Small Hepatocellular Carcinoma (≤ 3 cm): A Comparative Study Versus Radiofrequency Ablation
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Purpose: The objective was to evaluate the local treatment efficacy of transarterial ethanol ablation (TEA) as compared to radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Materials and methods: This was a retrospective study between January 2005 and April 2017, in which the treatment outcomes of all patients who received either percutaneous TEA or RFA for HCC tumors of size ≤ 3 cm, of Child-Pugh grade A or B, received no prior treatment other than surgical resection, were compared. For TEA, a mixture of absolute ethanol and ethiodized oil at a proportion of 1:2 by volume was administered superselectively into the tumor via a microcatheter placed at the feeding arteries. The TEA group and the RFA group consisted of 68 consecutive patients (88 treated target tumors) and 129 consecutive patients (129 tumors), respectively.

Results: Technical success was achieved in all the target tumors in both groups. Grade 3 complication (CIRSE Classification) of prolonged fever occurred in 3 cases with multi-focal and large tumors in the TEA group. There was no statistically significant difference in complete response rate between the TEA group (84/88 or 95.5%) and the RFA group (188/195 or 96.4%) (p = 0.7). Time to progression in the TEA group [median 11.9 months, interquartile range (IQR) 5.6-18 months] was not statistically different from that in the RFA group (median 9.5 months, IQR 3.5-18.7 months) (p = 0.773).

Conclusion: TEA could be an effective alternative of RFA for the local treatment of small HCC; it is especially valuable for tumors of unfavorable location.
著者Simon Chun Ho Yu, Joyce Wai Yi Hui, Charing ching Ning Chong, Cheuk Man Chu, Sunny Cheung, John Wong, Kit Fai Lee
期刊名稱CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
頁次732 - 739
關鍵詞Comparative study, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Local regional therapy, Radiofrequency ablation, Transarterial ethanol ablation, Treatment response

上次更新時間 2021-17-09 於 00:18