The effect of thermosensitive hydrogel platelet–rich–plasma complex in the treatment of partial tear of anterior cruciate ligament in rat model
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AbstractBackground/Objective: The treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) partial tear is controversial. The reconstructive surgery is invasive while the prevalence of subsequent insufficiency after conservative treatment has been reported to range from 11% to 62%. Therefore, a new method that promotes tissue regeneration is needed. The aim of this study was to observe the healing of ACL partial tear biomechanically and histologically after the administration of a thermosensitive hydrogel platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) complex. Methods: The complex was prepared according to a previously published protocol. One hundred and fifty 12-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were included and they were allocated into 4 groups. Lesion control group (Group 1), treatment group (Group 2), gel-only group (Group 3) and intact group (Group 4). Biomechanical testing, histological analysis (H&E and immunohistochemical staining) and scoring was performed. Results: On gross observation, the treatment group showed a continuous ACL with slightly thickened synovium or a partially healed ACL at 6-week follow up. In the biomechanical testing at 6 weeks after surgery, the failure load of the treatment group was significantly superior when compared with the lesion control group (52.7±10.8N vs. 41.6±7.8N, p<0.01), but the failure load was not restored to level of the intact group (52.7±10.8N vs. 61.5±9.1N, p=0.037). The maturity index of wound sites showed no significant inter-group differences at any timepoints. However, an increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pro-collagen I was detected. Conclusion: The thermosensitive hydrogel-PRP was shown to be effective in enhancing the healing of ACL partial tear in the rat model, and potentially this complex can be used as a treatment for patients with ACL partial tear. The translational potential of this article: The thermosensitive hydrogel-PRP is potentially translated to clinical use to treat patients with ACL partial tear by injection under arthroscopy or ultrasound guiding.
Acceptance Date22/12/2019
All Author(s) ListLi Y., Fu S.C., Cheuk Y.C., Ong T.Y., Feng H., Yung S.H.
Journal nameJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
Year2019
PublisherElsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd
ISSN2214-031X
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAnterior cruciate ligament, Hydrogel, Partial tear, Platelet-rich plasma

Last updated on 2020-14-10 at 23:58