A high glucose level stimulate inflammation and weaken pro-resolving response in tendon cells - A possible factor contributing to tendinopathy in diabetic patients
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AbstractBackground: Tendinopathy is a chronic disorder that affects a huge population, and is causing high socioeconomical impacts worldwide. Tendinopathy was reported to be more prevalent in diabetic patients, and chronic inflammation was proposed to play an important role in its development. It was also known that diabetic patients present in a pro-inflammatory state. There is a possibility that the high glucose environment in diabetic patients lead to chronic inflammation in the tendon, and eventually the development of tendinopathy. In this study, we would simulate the diabetic environment in an in vitro setup, to assess the effect of a high glucose level on cultured tendinopathic and healthy tendon derived stem cells (TDSCs) under inflammatory stress. We would first like to assess whether there are differences between the inflammatory response in tendinopathic and healthy TDSCs. We would then investigate whether a high glucose level may lead to changes in the inflammatory response in healthy tendon cells.Methods: Tendinopathic TDSCs were cultured from 2 torn rotator cuff tendons and 1 ruptured patellar tendon. Healthy TDSCs were cultured from 3 gender matched healthy hamstring tendons. Cells were stimulated by either 2ng/ml IL-1B for 24 hours, 11.1 mmol/L glucose for 24 hours, or both. mRNA was collected and processed for qPCR targeting B-actin, ALOX12, ALOX15, FPR1, FPR2, ChemR23, and COX2.Results: Upregulation of FPR1 (p=0.050) ChemR23 (p=0.050), ALOX15 (p=0.050) was significantly weakened when comparing tendinopathic and healthy TDSCs stimulated with IL-1b. The upregulation of ALOX15 (p=0.050), was significantly lower in stimulated healthy TDSCs in a high glucose environment when comparing with those stimulated under a regular glucose level. A high glucose level also induced upregulation of COX2 (p=0.046) in healthy TDSCs and tendinopathic TDSCs (p=0.050).Conclusion: The results of this study provide a possible explanation to the increased risk to develop tendinopathy in diabetic patients. Chronic inflammation observed in tendinopathy may be due to the weakening of pro-resolving responses in tendinopathic TDSCs, and a high glucose environment may lead to chronic inflammation and ultimately tendinopathy by persistent stimulation and weakening of proresolving response in healthy TDSCs.
All Author(s) ListKwan CK, Fu SC, Yung PSH
Journal nameAsia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
Volume Number19
Pages1 - 6
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOrthopedics;Sport Sciences;Orthopedics;Sport Sciences

Last updated on 2020-15-10 at 00:14