Epidemiology of patients presenting with dyspnea to emergency departments in Europe and the Asia-Pacific region
Publication in refereed journal

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其它資訊
摘要Objective
The primary objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology and management of dyspneic patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) in an international patient population. Our secondary objective was to compare the EURODEM and AANZDEM patient populations.

Patients and methods
An observational prospective cohort study was carried out in Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. The study included consecutive patients presenting to EDs with dyspnea as the main complaint. Data were collected on demographics, comorbidities, chronic treatment, clinical signs and investigations, treatment in the ED, diagnosis, and disposition from ED.

Results
A total of 5569 patients were included in the study. The most common ED diagnoses were lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) (24.9%), heart failure (HF) (17.3%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation (15.8%), and asthma (10.5%) in the overall population. There were more LRTI, HF, and COPD exacerbations in the EURODEM population, whereas asthma was more frequent in the AANZDEM population. ICU admission rates were 5.5%. ED mortality was 0.6%. The overall in-hospital mortality was 5.0%. In-hospital mortality rates were 8.7% for LRTI, 7.6% for HF, and 5.6% for COPD patients.

Conclusion
Dyspnea as a symptom in the ED has high ward and ICU admission rates. A variety of causes of dyspnea were observed in this study, with chronic diseases accounting for a major proportion.
著者Said Laribi, Gerben Keijzers, Oene van Meer, Sharon Klim, Justina Motiejunaite, Win Sen Kuan, Richard Body, Peter Jones, Mehmet Karamercan, Simon Craig, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Anna Holdgate, Adela Golea, Colin Graham, Franck Verschuren, Jean Capsec, Michael Christ, Leslie Grammatico-Guillon, Cinzia Barletta, Luis Garcia-Castrillo, Anne-Maree Kelly; on behalf of the AANZDEM and EURODEM study groups
期刊名稱European Journal of Emergency Medicine
出版年份2019
月份10
卷號26
期次5
頁次345 - 349
國際標準期刊號0969-9546
語言英式英語
關鍵詞dyspnea, emergency department, epidemiology, management, outcome

上次更新時間 2020-02-12 於 23:38