Get with the guidelines: management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in emergency departments in Europe and Australasia is sub-optimal
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AbstractBackground
Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common in emergency departments (ED). Guidelines recommend administration of inhaled bronchodilators, systemic corticosteroids and antibiotics along with non‐invasive ventilation (NIV) for patients with respiratory acidosis.

Aim
To determine compliance with guideline recommendations for patients treated for COPD in ED in Europe (EUR) and South East Asia/Australasia (SEA) and to compare management and outcomes.

Methods
In each region, an observational prospective cohort study was performed that included patients presenting to ED with the main complaint of dyspnoea during three 72‐h periods. This planned sub‐study included those with an ED primary discharge diagnosis of COPD. Data were collected on demographics, clinical features, treatment, disposition and in‐hospital mortality. We determined overall compliance with guideline recommendations and compared treatments and outcome between regions.

Results
A total of 801 patients was included from 122 ED (66 EUR and 46 SEA). Inhaled bronchodilators were administered to 80.3% of patients, systemic corticosteroids to 59.5%, antibiotics to 44 and 60.6% of patients with pH <7.3 received NIV. The proportion administered systemic corticosteroids was higher in SEA (EUR vs SEA for all comparisons; 52 vs 66%, P < 0.001) as was administration of antibiotics (40 vs 49%, P = 0.02). Rates of NIV and mechanical ventilation were similar. Overall in‐hospital mortality was 4.2% (SEA 3.9% vs EUR 4.5%, P = 0.77).

Conclusion
Compliance with guideline recommended treatments, in particular administration of corticosteroids and NIV, was sub‐optimal in both regions. Improved compliance has the potential to improve patient outcome.
All Author(s) ListKelly AM, Van Meer O, Keijzers G, Motiejunaite J, Jones P, Body R, Craig S, Karamercan M, Klim S, Harjola VP, Verschuren F, Holdgate A, Christ M, Golea A, Graham CA, Capsec J, Barletta C, Garcia-Castrillo L, Kuan WS, Laribi S; AANZDEM and EuroDEM Study Groups
Journal nameInternal Medicine Journal
Year2020
Month2
Volume Number50
Issue Number2
Pages200 - 208
ISSN1444-0903
eISSN1445-5994
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsdyspnoea, emergency department, management, COPD, outcome

Last updated on 2020-24-05 at 23:35