A validated composite model to predict risk of curve progression in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
Publication in refereed journal


In adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), the continuous search for effective prognostication of significant curve progression at the initial clinical consultation to inform decision for timely treatment and to avoid unnecessary overtreatment remains a big challenge as evidence of the multifactorial etiopathogenic nature is increasingly reported. This study aimed to formulate a composite model composed of clinical parameters and circulating markers in the prediction of curve progression.

This is a two-phase study consisting of an exploration cohort (120 AIS, mean Cobb angle of 25°± 8.5 at their first clinical visit) and a validation cohort (51 AIS, mean Cobb angle of 23° ± 5.0° at the first visit). Patients with AIS were followed-up for a minimum of six years to formulate a composite model for prediction. At the first visit, clinical parameters were collected from routine clinical practice, and circulating markers were assayed from blood.

We constructed the composite predictive model for curve progression to severe Cobb angle > 40° with a high HR of 27.9 (95% CI of 6.55 to 119.16). The area under curve of the composite model is higher than that of individual parameters used in current clinical practice. The model was validated by an independent cohort and achieved a sensitivity of 72.7% and a specificity of 90%.

This is the first study proposing and validating a prognostic composite model consisting of clinical and circulating parameters which could quantitatively evaluate the probability of curve progression to a severe curvature in AIS at the initial consultation. Further validation in clinic will facilitate application of composite model in assisting objective clinical decision.
著者Zhang Jiajun, Cheuk Ka-yee, Xu Leilei, Wang Yujia, Feng Zhenhua, Sit Tony, Cheng Ka-lo, Nepotchatykh Evguenia, Lam Tsz-ping, Liu Zhen, Hung Alec L.H., Zhu Zezhang, Moreau Alain, Cheng Jack C.Y., Qiu Yong, Lee Wayne Y.W.
出版社Lancet Publishing Group
關鍵詞Scoliosis, Adolescent, Clinical study, Hong Kong

上次更新時間 2021-26-09 於 01:08