Increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Asia Pacific countries: a meta-analysis of 12.73 million subjects [Oral presentation]
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


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AbstractBackground:
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) induces a substantial disease burden in different countries. Few studies examined its prevalence in Asia Pacific regions across time. We examined the overall temporal trend and regional variation of its prevalence.

Methods:
We searched MEDLINE and Embase for population-based, observational studies that reported the prevalence of MetS in Asia Pacific countries. We included studies with study participants aged ≥15 years and a sample size of ≥500 participants. We used Freeman- Tukey Double Arcsine Transformation to stabilise the variances and Metaprop to model within-study variability by binomial distribution. We estimated the prevalence and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by random-effects models.

Results:
We included 176 studies from 18 countries investigating a total number of 12,735,227 individuals. Its prevalence was rapidly rising from 1991-1995 (18.1%) to 2011-2015 (27.0%) (Figure 1). The overall prevalence of MetS was 23.7% (95% CI=22.4% to 25.1%). Its prevalence was higher in Oceania (31.5%) and South Asia (31.5%) than Southeast Asia (23.8%) and East Asia (21.9%) (Figure 2). For individual countries, we observed higher prevalence in Pakistan (59%), Samoa (41.9%), India (33.6%), Malaysia (33.2%), Mongolia (32.8%) and Australia (30.1%). The prevalence was relatively low in Singapore (12.1%), Japan (14.7%), Thailand (17.7%), Vietnam (18.0%), Taiwan (20.4%) and Bangladesh (20.5%) (Figure 3).

Conclusion:
We identified a major increase in prevalence of MetS over time in Asia Pacific regions. The prevalence was over 30% in Pakistan, Samoa, India, Malaysia, Mongolia and Australia. These represent target populations where more preventive and treatment strategies should be implemented.
All Author(s) ListHuang JJ, Huang JLW, Wang JX, Choi P, Pang P, Lok VL, Yuan XH, Zeng XH, Chung VCH, Wong MCS
Name of Conference12th APRU Global Health Conference "Planetary Health – The Next Frontier"
Start Date of Conference28/10/2018
End Date of Conference30/10/2018
Place of ConferenceKuala Lumpur
Country/Region of ConferenceMalaysia
Year2018
Month10
Pages46 - 46
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2020-07-05 at 11:28