A Metallurgical Study of Early Bronzes from Northern Vietnam: Some Thoughts on Methodology, Local Practices and Inter-regional Interaction
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AbstractThis paper presents the results of the metallurgical analysis of 43 fragments of bronze artifacts recovered from Bronze Age sites in northern Vietnam. It represents the largest systematic study undertaken so far of early north Vietnamese bronzes using a range of archeo-metallurgical techniques. The artifacts, which are associated with the Dong Dau, Go Mun and Dong Son archaeological cultures, were studied using various techniques, including pXRF, SEM-EDS, and metallography. Although the sample size remains small, the compositional data on the copper, tin, lead and arsenic contents of different types of bronzes, combined with evidence of metalworking processes (e.g., hammering and heat-treatment), so far points to clear changes in metallurgical practice over the 1st millennium BCE, as well as differences with early metallurgical traditions in adjacent regions such as southeast and southwest China. The paper also reviews the uses and limitations of the different techniques used in this study of north Vietnamese bronzes.
Acceptance Date10/01/2019
All Author(s) ListFranics Allard, Wengcheong Lam, Nam Kim
Name of ConferenceThe Society of American Archaeology 84TH ANNUAL MEETING
Start Date of Conference10/04/2019
End Date of Conference14/04/2019
Place of ConferenceAlbuquerque
Country/Region of ConferenceUnited States of America
LanguagesEnglish-United States

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