Health-related quality of life among patients with hypertension: population-based survey using EQ-5D-5L in Hong Kong SAR, China
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AbstractObjectives:
To evaluate the effect of hypertension and related comorbidities on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using EuroQol 5-dimensions instrument with five-level scale (EQ-5D-5L) Hong Kong (HK) version.

Design:
Data were analysed by a secondary data analysis based on a cross-sectional study assessing experience on public specialist outpatient service.

Setting:
A representative sample was recruited from 26 specialist outpatient clinics in HK.

Participants:
A total of 4528 patients with hypertension aged 18 or above who responded to the survey.

Intervention:
EQ-5D-5L HK was applied to assess the HRQoL. The five-dimension descriptive system and the utility index of EQ-5D-5L were treated as the dependent variable in the current study. Regression modelling was applied to estimate the effect of hypertension and related comorbidities on health-related quality of life.

Results:
More respondents were women (53.9%), aged ≥65 years old (60.1%), and with primary educational attainment or below (52.3%). A total of 1466 respondents (32.4%) also reported suffering from diabetes, heart disease (20.8%), vision problem (1.7%) and cancer (1.5%). In the ordinal least squares model, utility decreased most when patients reported having physical disability associated with hypertension (beta=−0.395, SE=0.047), and 0.128, 0.064, 0.05 and 0.048 for mental problem, cancer, vision problem and heart problem. In the Tobit model, the utility reduced most for comorbidity of physical disability, and then mental problem, cancer, vision problem, heart problem and diabetes. For first part of two-part model, respondents coliving with mental problem were 10% less likely to report a full health. For the second part of two-part model, the respondents with physical disability had 0.294 lower in utility.

Conclusions:
Respondents with hypertension reported a low EQ-5D utility score. Respondents were women, with a high education, fully employed and living with families reported better HRQoL. There is a significant effect of comorbidity influence on the decreased HRQoL, particularly those with physical disability and mental problem.
All Author(s) ListWong ELY, Xu RH, Cheung AWL
Journal nameBMJ Open
Year2019
Month9
Volume Number9
Issue Number9
Article numbere032544
Pages1 - 10
ISSN2044-6055
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-02-08 at 00:40