Attitudes, Knowledge and Skills in Secondary School Students Participating in a Brief Compression-only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Automated External Defibrillation Course
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


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AbstractIntroduction :
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can significantly improve rates of survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest. However, the rate of bystander CPR and AED use in Hong Kong is low. While the Guidelines of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation(2003) strongly recommended the inclusion of Basic Life Support (BLS) in the school curriculum, there is limited time available in current school curriculums.
Objectives :
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can significantly improve rates of survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest. However, the rate of bystander CPR and AED use in Hong Kong is low. While the Guidelines of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation(2003) strongly recommended the inclusion of Basic Life Support (BLS) in the school curriculum, there is limited time available in current school curriculums.
Methodology :
After ethics committee approval, we conducted a prospective study of 128 secondary school studentsaged between 12-15 years at fourschools during the academic year of 2018/2019. Our course was based onthe lesson plan, 5-item multiple choice knowledge test, teaching video and training material, and a CPR/AED skill-based practical test from the American Heart Association “CPR in School Training Kit TM”. We also used a validated and reliable questionnaire (10-item Likert scale responses) to measure the students’ attitudes towards bystander CPR and AED. The responses were added up to give a score ranging from 10 to 30, with higher scores representing a more positive attitude. The median (interquartile range) is reported for each continuous variable after checking for normality using the Shapiro-Wilk’s test. The proportion and associated 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of students passing the immediate practical test is reported.
Result & Outcome :
None of the students had received BLS training before participating in our course. Students showed a very positive attitude towards CPR training as shown by the high median attitude score (28, 26 to 29). The median number of correct responses to the 5-item knowledge questionnaire was 3 (2 to 4).The median time to first shock was 65 (58 to 76) seconds. The overall passing rate for correctly performing CO-CPRAED on a manikin was 77.3% (95% CI: 69.5% to 84.0%).The results showed that most students can acquire a high level of CPR and AED performance skills in a brief 2-hour course.
All Author(s) ListSo KY, Ko HF, Lai KWV, Tsui SYC, Lee A
Name of Conference2019 Hospital Authority Convention
Start Date of Conference14/05/2019
End Date of Conference15/05/2019
Place of ConferenceHK convention & exhibition centre
Country/Region of ConferenceHong Kong
Year2019
Month5
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-14-05 at 14:55