Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage versus percutaneous cholecystostomy for high risk surgical patients with acute cholecystitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Background Recent evidence suggests that endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) is an effective and safe alternative to percutaneous drainage (PT-GBD). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare these two procedures in high risk surgical patients with acute cholecystitis.

Methods A comprehensive electronic literature search was conducted for all articles published up to October 2017 to identify comparative studies between EUS-GBD and PT-GBD. A meta-analysis was performed on outcomes including technical success, clinical success, post-procedure adverse events, length of hospital stay, unplanned hospital readmission, need for reintervention, recurrent cholecystitis, and disease- or treatment-related mortality for these two procedures.

Results Five comparative studies (206 patients in the EUS-GBD group vs. 289 patients in the PT-GBD group), were included in the final analysis. There were no statistically significant differences in technical success (odds ratio [OR] 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.12 to 1.58; P =0.21; I-2 =0%) and clinical success (OR 1.07, 95%CI 0.36 to 3.16; P =0.90; I-2 =44%) between the two procedures. EUS-GBD had fewer adverse events than PT-GBD (OR 0.43, 95%CI 0.18 to 1.00; P =0.05; I-2 =66%). Moreover, patients undergoing EUS-GBD had shorter hospital stays, with pooled standard mean difference of -2.53 (95%CI-4.28 to -0.78; P =0.005; I-2 =98%), and required significantly fewer reinterventions (OR 0.16, 95%CI 0.04 to 0.042; P< 0.001; I-2 =32%) resulting in significantly fewer unplanned readmissions (OR 0.16, 95%CI 0.05 to 0.53; P =0.003; I-2 =79%).

Conclusions EUS-GBD was associated with lower rates of post-procedure adverse events, shorter hospital stays, and fewer reinterventions and readmissions compared with PT-GBD in patients with acute cholecystitis who were unfit for surgery.
著者Luk SWY, Irani S, Krishnamoorthi R, Lau JYW, Ng EKW, Teoh AYB
出版社Thieme Publishing
頁次722 - 732
Web of Science 學科類別Gastroenterology & Hepatology;Surgery;Gastroenterology & Hepatology;Surgery

上次更新時間 2021-17-09 於 00:09