Determinants of Social Networks in Rural China: Does Transportation Have a Role to Play?
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AbstractObjectives
In recent years, the origins and sources of social networks and social capital have been extensively studied. Previous studies have primarily focused on social demographic factors. To enrich our understanding of the determinants of social networks, this article explores the role of mobility in rural China.

Methods
Drawing upon a data set from the Chinese General Social Survey, this article first uses clustered effect logit models and then adopts a propensity score matching (PSM) model for a robustness check.

Results
The results demonstrate that citizens who have access to more advanced transportation modes and spend less time on traveling are more likely to establish weak ties, especially with nonagricultural citizens in prestigious job positions. The results also indicate that strong family ties are not the consequence of mobility. By disaggregating the full sample, this article further reveals that the young, rich, and female citizens reap more benefit from mobility.

Conclusions
Given the great importance of automobiles for strengthening social networks, this article suggests that car sharing/pooling/lifting programs might be a viable solution to social network deficits in rural areas.
All Author(s) ListAilun Xiong, Xianhua Sun, Hongyi Li, Hans Westlund
Journal nameSocial Science Quarterly
Year2019
Month8
Volume Number100
Issue Number5
Pages1709 - 1725
ISSN0038-4941
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2021-26-09 at 00:59