Asymmetric Plucking Bistable Energy Harvester: Modeling and Experimental Validation
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AbstractIncorporation of plucking up-conversion and bistable energy harvesting techniques can be solutions to enhance energy harvested from large-amplitude impulsive-type events. This work proposes an asymmetric plucking-based bistable energy harvester with rotary structure and plectrum, to convert the impulsive excitation to plucking force that helps the harvester jump into the high-energy orbit. The bistable configuration is set to be asymmetric in order to achieve repeatable mechanical plucking condition, ensuring the feasibility and stability of the proposed system. Hertzian contact theory is employed to relate different oscillation modes with dynamic plucking force under variations of plucking velocity and overlap length. By considering the deformation and rotational angle of beam tip during vibration, geometrically dipole-dipole model is adopted to calculate the asymmetric magnetic force and study potential well in contrast to the symmetric configuration. With the fact that linear damping model often misses its physical essentials in bistable systems, nonlinear damping model is employed to account for the energy dissipation process. Experiments show qualitative agreement with simulation results in terms of system responses and power output under different velocities, overlap lengths and load resistances. Compared with plucking energy harvester without bi-stability, the proposed system is able to improve the power output by up to 22.9% for single plucking cycle and 29.8% for periodic plucking. Parametric studies based on nondimensionalization are further conducted to investigate the mechanisms that control the energy characteristics of the system, thus providing a foundation to develop an optimal plucking bistable energy harvester. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListFang ST, Fu XL, Liao WH
Journal nameJournal of Sound and Vibration
Year2019
Month10
Volume Number459
PublisherACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Article number459
ISSN0022-460X
eISSN1095-8568
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsImpulsive-energy, Piezoelectricity, Plucking up-conversion, Asymmetric bistability, Nondimensionalization
Web of Science Subject CategoriesAcoustics;Engineering, Mechanical;Mechanics;Acoustics;Engineering;Mechanics

Last updated on 2020-13-07 at 23:36