Pd films on soft substrates: a visual, high-contrast and low-cost optical hydrogen sensor
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AbstractFor the rapid development of the hydrogen economy, a reliable and low-cost hydrogen sensor appears to be extremely important. Here, we first show that a palladium film deposited on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) can obtain an exceedingly high-reflectance contrast of 25.78 over the entire visible band upon exposure to 4 vol% hydrogen gas (H-2) mixed with nitrogen gas. This high-reflectance contrast results from the surface deformation induced by the volume inflation after exposure to H-2, leading to the transition of the near-specular surface to a diffusing surface. In addition, a change in brightness is readable by naked eye upon exposure to H-2 with various concentrations from 0.6 to 1 vol% under the illumination of a fluorescent tube. Furthermore, this sensor possesses an excellent recyclability and quick response time of a few seconds. Compared with Pd nanostructure-based hydrogen sensors, this visual, high-contrast and low-cost sensor is of great potential for practical hydrogen sensing.
All Author(s) ListShe XY, Shen Y, Wang JF, Jin CJ
Journal nameLight: Science and Applications
Volume Number8
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Article number4
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOptics;Optics

Last updated on 2020-08-04 at 00:07