Path-dependent or transformative? A comparative study of strategic spatial planning in Hong Kong, Singapore and Shenzhen
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings



摘要Aims: To compare and contrast strategic spatial planning in Hong Kong, Singapore and Shenzhen with reference to a synthesised framework related to their histories, driving forces, modes of governance, substantive contents and institutional arrangements throughout the planning and implementation processes.

Scope: Strategic spatial planning in the three cities since the 1980s. Hong Kong’s first published territorial development strategy was announced in 1984 (although a Colony Outline Plan was made in 1971, it was not available in the public domain). Similarly in Singapore, a Concept Plan was formulated in 1971 with the help of the United Nation but the first locally made Concept Plan was promulgated in 1991. The first strategic spatial plan for Shenzhen was formulated in 1982, two years after the Special Economic Zone was set up.

Arguments: As a pro-market executive-government led polity that shies away from socio-economic envisioning, Hong Kong’s strategic spatial plans have been made to satisfy land use needs of existing policies rather than attempts to initiate transformative changes. While Singapore does an even more vigilant job in satisfying land use demands of different policy areas, this is based on the long-range, visionary and transformative vision of the city-state. Shenzhen’s evolving socialist market economy and its expanded territory in the past three decades saw a dynamic and changing planning system that aims at guiding the city’s developments within a complex multi-scalar political economy.

Conclusions: Singapore and Shenzhen formulate more spatially ‘transformative’ strategic plans but intriguingly, path-dependent power relationships can be observed in all three cities.
著者Mee Kam NG
會議名稱Making Space for Hope, AESOP Annual Conference

上次更新時間 2019-06-09 於 09:41