New Urban Agenda and Strategic Spatial Planning in Shenzhen
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings



摘要United Nation’s New Urban Agenda (NUA) outlines three fundamental principles in urban development: leaving on one behind, promoting sustainable and inclusive urban economies; and fostering environmental sustainability. The NUA stresses the importance of national and local governments in planning, financing, developing, governing and managing cities through appropriate policies, competent modes of governance, long-term and integrated planning, and viable and creative financing frameworks. The NUA also calls for transformative commitment for implementing sustainable urban development that is just and inclusive, aiming at ending poverty. Besides boosting local and general economic growth that addresses social needs, youth and aging problems and encouraging sustainable and resilient environment in the course of urban development, the NUA also highlights the importance of participatory governance, knowledge and evidence-based spatial planning and management, as well as financial instruments as important implementation mechanisms.
URA’s principles, commitments and implementation frameworks are used to review Shenzhen’s strategic spatial plans: Shenzhen 2050 (SZ2050) made by the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design Shenzhen and the latest round of Shenzhen’s Master Plan (2016-2030). As specified in the NUA, national development policies play a very important role in sustainable urban development. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee meeting adopted five key development concepts: ‘innovation, coordination, green, open and co-sharing’. These concepts coincide with the NUA’s ‘leaving no one, no place and no ecology’ behind principles. SZ2050 highlights the importance of going back to basic social and ecological needs of people and the nature of cities, while providing the best environment for technological environment to boost competitiveness. Shenzhen aims to become a more just and liveable model sustainable city for its citizens; a more inclusive, innovative and pioneering city of China; and a more open, sustainable and creative global city. These visions are translated into spatial development strategies as well as the Shenzhen Master Plan.
The review of the 2010 Master Plan has started since 2016 but the draft Master Plan (2016-2030) has not been approved by the Central Government. However, preliminary investigation shows that the new Master Plan will be people-centred and ecology-sensitive in order to reposition the once economic-oriented and functional city into one that underscores sustainability and people-friendliness. The Plan also focuses on ecology, innovation and culture to brand Shenzhen as a liveable and internationally competitive city, playing a strategic role in the ‘Belt and Road Initiative’ and the development of the ‘Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Bay Area’. It also attempts to develop a digital and technological platform to ‘bring multiple types of planning into a blueprint’ in order to enhance the implementation of Master Plan.
Strategic spatial planning in Shenzhen has arguably addressed important aspects of the NUA.
著者Mee Kam NG

上次更新時間 2019-06-09 於 09:37