Advocacy Coalitions, Policy Stability, and Policy Change in China: The Case of Birth Control Policy, 1980-2015
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AbstractThis study used the advocacy coalition framework (ACF) to explain stability and change in China's national birth control policy from 1980 to 2015. We found that policy remained stable, despite internal and external changes to the relevant subsystem, from 1980 to 2013. The stability was explained by the dominant advocacy coalition's mobilization of considerable resources to defend its policy core beliefs. Policy changes in 2013 and 2015 were caused by a combination of external and internal perturbations, in addition to policy-oriented learning and advocacy by two expert-led minority advocacy coalitions. The case showed that the openness and plurality of China's policy processes had increased over time but were still limited in comparison with those in Western democracies. The case analysis confirmed two policy change hypotheses and suggested a mechanism for policy change: a hierarchically superior jurisdiction is more likely to impose a major policy change when it learns that the change is an adaptation to internal and external perturbations and that adopting the change will serve the jurisdiction's political interests.
Acceptance Date01/10/2018
All Author(s) ListWei Li, Wilson Wong
Journal namePolicy Studies Journal
Year2019
PublisherWiley
ISSN0190-292X
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

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