Getting emotional: An emotion-cognition dual-factor model of crisis communication
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AbstractThe effect of emotional experience on cognitive processes is an under-explored phenomenon in crisis communication research, despite indications of the increasing importance of emotion-based communication in the digital era. Emerging evidence indicates that the emotional experiences of publics play a critical role during organizational crises and determine the degree to which organizations are able to successfully devise communications that help them deal with such crises. Yet no comprehensive, theoretically sound model exists for analyzing how emotions influence the cognitive processing of crisis information. Our study proposes just such a model, capable of describing how cognition and emotion, separately or interactively, influence the publics’ processing of crisis information and consequently their attitudes and behaviors. Our model describes how emotional variables determine whether the publics take a cognition-oriented approach or an emotion-oriented approach to information processing and subsequent formation of interpretations, evaluations, and judgments directed toward organizations. Moreover, our model explains how an emotion-to-cognition assessment of publics’ attitudes is possible and makes a case for how it is critical for predicting and influencing the publics’ behavior during organizational crises. The hope is that this model will aid practitioners and academics in understanding why the publics’ emotions matter during crisis communication as well as how to craft more effective communication strategies as a result. Finally, several avenues for future research are suggested in order to test the validity of our conceptual model in different contexts.
All Author(s) ListLu Yuanhang, Huang Yi-Hui Christine
Journal namePublic Relations Review
Detailed description[SSCI]
Year2018
Month3
Volume Number44
Issue Number1
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages98 - 107
ISSN0363-8111
eISSN1873-4537
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsEmotion, Cognition, Crisis Communication, Crisis Responsibility, Information Processing, Framing, Dual-Factor Model

Last updated on 2019-16-09 at 02:15