焦點–重音原則與漢語的「把」字句 (Focus-Stress Principle and Ba construction)
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Abstract本文從焦點–重音匹配的角度來探討漢語日常口語中「把」字句謂語部分的複雜性。本文認為,與一般 [PP V] 結構不同,「把」字句是為了在句子層面上把位於「把」NP 後的謂語部分處理為資訊焦點而產生的一種特殊句式,而實現為資訊焦點的必要條件就是必須得到句法結構提供的核心重音。由於「把」字句中「把」後 NP 是謂語動詞的論元,其後的謂語部分只有在句法上形成分支結構才能夠得到核心重音,僅僅在韻律上形成分支結構是不夠的,因此光杆動詞和不形成句法分支的雙音節動詞都被排除在「把」字句之外。這個觀點也適用於其他動詞在尾的結構,例如被動句和「連…都」結構等。

This article addresses why a VP is required in a ba sentence in everyday speech based on the Focus-Stress Principle. It is argued that ba construction as one type of head-final structure is motivated to process predicate as informational focus at sentence level, which must be signaled in terms of the Nuclear Stress in everyday speech constrained by Stress-XP. A bare verb in a ba sentence cannot receive the Nuclear Stress and is thus ruled out. In contrast, a VP in a ba sentence receives the Nuclear Stress and is allowed. This analysis holds for other head-final structures, such as bei construction and lian…dou construction, as well.
All Author(s) List張慧麗 (Huili Zhang), 段海鳳 (Haifeng Duan), 潘海華 (Haihua Pan)
Journal nameLanguage and Linguistics
Year2017
Month7
Volume Number18
Issue Number3
PublisherInstitute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica
Place of PublicationTaiwan
Pages479 - 504
ISSN1606-822X
eISSN2309-5067
LanguagesChinese-Traditional
Keywords焦點, 重音, 動詞在尾結構, 「把」字句, 核心重音原則

Last updated on 2020-22-01 at 01:40