1,4-Diselenophene-1,4-diketone Triggers Caspase-Dependent Apoptosis in Human Melanoma.A375 Cells through Induction of Mitochondrial Dysfunction
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AbstractEpidemiological, preclinical and clinical studies have supported the role of selenocompounds as potential cancer chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agents. In this study, a novel selenophene-based compound, 1,4-diselenophene-1,4-diketone (DSeD), has been synthesized by Double Friedel Crafts reaction and identified as a potent antiproliferative agent against a panel of six human caner cell lines. Despite this potency, DSeD was relatively nontoxic toward human normal cells, HS68 fibroblasts and HK-2 kidney cells. These results suggest that DSeD possesses great selectivity between cancer and normal cells. Induction of apoptosis in human melanoma A375 cells by DSeD was evidenced by accumulation of sub-G1 cell population, DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation. Activation of caspase-9 and depletion of mitochondrial membrane potential indicated the initiation of the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway. Pretreatment of cells with general caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk and caspase-9 inhibitor z-LEHD-fmk significantly suppressed the cell apoptosis, demonstrating the important roles of caspase and mitochondria in DSeD-induced apoptotic cell death. Furthermore, DSeD-induced apoptosis was found independent of reactive oxygen species generation. Taken together, our results suggest that DSeD induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in A375 cells through activation of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway.
All Author(s) ListLuo Y, Li XL, Huang XC, Wong YS, Chen TF, Zhang YB, Zheng WJ
Journal nameCHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN
Year2011
Month10
Day1
Volume Number59
Issue Number10
PublisherPHARMACEUTICAL SOC JAPAN
Pages1227 - 1232
ISSN0009-2363
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsapoptosis; caspase activation; mitochondria; reactive oxygen species; selenium
Web of Science Subject CategoriesChemistry; Chemistry, Medicinal; CHEMISTRY, MEDICINAL; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; CHEMISTRY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

Last updated on 2020-18-01 at 23:43